About Green Walls
Green walls are vertical gardens, covered with lots of plants. They have various looks and types, but all equally forming vertical plant walls. Vertical gardens can take form with trimmed hedges or climbing plants or they can be built green walls. They can appear on walls, buildings, facades, used as division of spaces, as sculptures and last, but not least, as decoration for representative indoor spaces.
Green walls are a big help compensating the harmful effects of the cities, such as air- and dust pollution. The plants are cleaning the air by making oxygen from carbon dioxide. Green walls are great examples for sustainable living, environmental responsibility, and it’s raising awareness in a representative way: it is promoting the wonders of the nature by itself. The plants appear on surfaces that hasn’t been used before, this effects architecture, design, and opens new possibilities for designers.
Green walls are vertical surfaces covered with plants, we can differentiate two main types: the natural green walls, and the planted green walls.
Natural green walls
In the natural green walls plant’s roots has a direct connection with the soil, and their growth is vertical. There are two subtypes of these: hedge-walls and tables built using creeper plants.
Planted green walls
In the planted green walls the plant’s roots dont have a direct connection to the soil, and their growth is horizontal. The planted green walls’ general characteristics are that they have a built structure and they can be created indoors and outdoors as well. Usually the planted green walls are completely automatized, so the irrigaton, the nutrion and the drainage system is making sure that the plants get their water and nutrient constantly when they need it. Amongst all the green walls, the planted one is the most representative, as it has a continuous and various living carpet and it has a high esthetic value.
The green walls are creating an elegant, unique space with the touch of the nature. They have a great impact on our surroundings, and can be used indoor and outdoor as well.
Vertical gardens offer a solution for the decrease of green surfaces, in a very spectacular way. The best that it can be created anywhere, in gardens, and also in urban areas: for example on buildings, facades, firewalls, dividing walls. They can be a beautiful addition to inner spaces, representative spaces such as banks, offices, hotels, reception halls, museums or coffee houses, salons, restaurants and homes.
Today, in the 21st century our aim is sustainable development, and one of our goals is to have more green areas in the world. Green walls are a perfect example of sustainability and they can also provide a solution for the decreasing number of green spaces. Green walls have several positive effects on top of their beauty:
- They are cleaning the air by making oxygen out of CO2
- They are able to collect a good portion of the dust the cities create
- The plants are also great insulators, they provide shade in summer and keep the warmth inside in winter, so the buildings will be more energy efficient
- They help to reduce noise pollution outdoors and it also works as acoustic insulation indoors
- Green walls can balance the CO2 levels near highways or factories and they can also be a visual cover
- Apart from their proven positive ecological and recreational effect, they also have a positive impact on creativity and concentration